Roman Imperial Coinage

An intro to Roman Imperial Coins.
      It is difficult to put into a paragraph or two the scope and sweep of types and denominations that make up what we call Roman Imperial Coinage. The corpus spans enormous social, political and economic changes over a period of half a milennium. It was built upon the traditions of the late Republican and Imperatorial period. Beginning with Augustus’ continuation of, mainly, the denominations already in circulation in 27 B.C., it quickly developed its own suite of standardized denominations that would continue to be recognizable until the beginning of the 3rd century A.D.
      Ah, but the types and style – these grew in number and evolved in sophistication quickly from stereotypical “S – C’s” and “Seated Livias” into a veritable smorgasboard of deities, personifications, depictions, and downright propaganda – always with the all-important Imperial portrait to make sure you never forgot “The Golden Rule” – “He who issues the gold, rules!” This tradition of portrait and widely varying reverses was one that managed to survive the absolute demolition of the centuries-old Aureus, Denarius, Sestertius, As system, carried on through the chaos of the single-denomination Antoninianus period, through the reforms of Diocletian, and, with some diminution of variety, right up to the reforms of Anastasius and the end of Roman coinage as we know it at the beginning of the Byzantine age.
       So if all you know of the art and history of coins is what George Washington or Thomas Jefferson looked like in profile, prepare yourself for an adventure. Abandon your preconceptions, open your mind, and above all dig those beautiful coins, man!
(Contributed by Mark Lehman)

JULIO-CLAUDIAN DYNASTY

Augustus   Reigned 27 B.C -14 A.D
Agrippa   Augustus' Naval Commander
Tiberius   Reigned 14 A.D.-37 A.D.
Drusus The Younger   Son Of Tiberius
Germanicus   Never Reigned
Caligula   Reigned 37-41 A.D.
Nero and Drusus as Caesars   Never Reigned
Claudius   Reigned 41-54 A.D.
Antonia   Octavian's Sister, Mother of Claudius
Nero Claudius Drusus   Father Of Germanicus and Claudius
Nero   Reigned 54-68 A.D.

 

THE CIVIL WAR OF A.D. 69 (The 'TWEENERS!)

Galba Reigned 68 A.D.-69 A.D.
Otho Reigned Jan-April 69 A.D.
Vitellius Reigned April-Dec 69 A.D.

 

THE FLAVIAN DYNASTY

Vespasian   Reigned 69-79 A.D.
Titus   Reigned 79-81 A.D
Domitian   Reigned 81-96 A.D.


THE ADOPTIVE EMPERORS

Nerva   Reigned 96-98 A.D.
Trajan   Reigned 98-117 A.D.
Hadrian   Reigned 117-138 A.D.
Sabina Augusta 128-136A.D.
Aelius   Caesar 136-138 A.D.
Antoninus Pius   Reigned 138-161 A.D.
Faustina Sr.   Augusta 139-141 A.D.
Marcus Aurelius   Caesar 139-161 A.D.
Augustus 161-180 A.D.
Faustina Jr.   Augusta 147-175 A.D.
Lucius Verus   Reigned 161-169 A.D.
Lucilla   Augusta 164-169 A.D.
Commodus   Caesar 175-177 A.D.
Augustus 177-192 A.D.
Crispina   Augusta 178-182 A.D.

 

THE CIVIL WAR OF 193-197 A.D.

Pertinax   Reigned 193 A.D.
Didius Julianus   Reigned 193 A.D.
Manlia Scantilla   Augusta 193 A.D.
Didia Clara   Augusta 193 A.D.
Pescennius Niger   Reigned 193-194 A.D.
Clodius Albinus   Caesar    193-195 A.D
Augustus 195-197 A.D.

 

THE SEVERAN DYNASTY

Septimius Severus   Reigned  193-211 A.D.
Julia Domna   Augusta  194-217
Caracalla  

Caesar    196-198 A.D.
Augustus 198-217 A.D.

Plautilla  

Augusta   202-205 A.D.

Geta   Caesar     198-209 A.D.
Augustus  209-211 A.D.
Macrinus  

Reigned   217-218 A.D.

Diadumenian   Caesar     217-218 A.D.
Augustus  218 A.D.
Elagabalus  

Reigned   218-222 A.D.

Julia Paula   Augusta   219-220 A.D.
Aquilia Severa   Augusta   221 A.D.
Annia Faustina   Augusta   221-222 A.D.
Julia Soaemias   Augusta   218-222 A.D.
Julia Maesa   Augusta   218-225 A.D
Severus Alexander   Caesar     221-222 A.D.
Augustus  222-235 A.D.
Orbiana   Augusta   225-227 A.D.
Julia Mamaea   Augusta   222-235 A.D.